8(a) Program

About the 8(a) Business Development Program

In order to help small, disadvantaged businesses compete in the marketplace, the Small Business Administration (SBA) created the 8(a) Business Development Program. 

What is the 8(a) Business Development Program?


  • The 8(a) Business Development Program is a business assistance program for small disadvantaged businesses. The 8(a) Program offers a broad scope of assistance to firms that are owned and controlled at least 51% by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.

  • The 8(a) Program is an essential instrument for helping socially and economically disadvantaged entrepreneurs gain access to the economic mainstream of American society. The program helps thousands of aspiring entrepreneurs to gain a foothold in government contracting.

  • Participation in the program is divided into two phases over nine years: a four-year developmental stage and a five-year transition stage.


Benefits of the Program


  • Participants can receive sole-source contracts, up to a ceiling of $4 million for goods and services and $7 million for manufacturing. While SBA helps 8(a) firms build their competitive and institutional know-how, SBA also encourages them to participate in competitive acquisitions.

  • 8(a) firms are also able to form joint ventures and teams to bid on contracts. This enhances the ability of 8(a) firms to perform larger prime contracts and overcome the effects of contract bundling, the combining of two or more contracts together into one large contract.

Requirements and Goals of the 8(a) Business Development Program

The overall program goal is to graduate 8(a) firms that will go on to thrive in a competitive business environment. There are some requirements in place to help achieve this goal. Program goals require 8(a) firms to:


  • Maintain a balance between their commercial and government business.

  • Limit on the total dollar value of sole-source contracts that an individual participant can receive while in the program: $100 million or five times the value of its primary NAICS code.


To make sure 8(a) firms are on track to accomplish their goals and are following requirements, the SBA district offices monitor and measure the progress of participants through:


  • Annual reviews

  • Business planning

  • Systematic evaluations


In addition, 8(a) participants may take advantage of specialized business training, counseling, marketing assistance, and high-level executive development provided by the SBA and our resource partners.

SBA 8(a) Certified Organization


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